A SINGLE SPECIES
Albany pitcher plant
Archibald Menzies discovered the plant in 1791. But J. J. H. de Labillardiere named the plant in 1806 when he saw the singularity of stamens which reminded him a head. Kephalôtos comes from the Greek "fitted head".
Endemic to the southwest Australia, Cephalotus grow in a small area that extends on the south of the city of Albany to Bunbury.
Enjoying proximity of the ocean, Cephalotus sites have a Mediterranean climate less pronounced. The rains are numerous and can exceed 200 cm per year. In the peat swamp on the edge of ponds in the shade of trees or shrubs, sometimes the sun, that grows the plant. The basement with acidic pH is kept moist by water that runoff under the surface. Drosera and Utricularia as well as Leptospermum grow in the same biotope.
DescriptionSmall perennial plant, 5 to 8 cm tall.
The leaves are of two types: some are green, lanceolate, without any possibility of capture, the other are pitchers that trap prey.
Traps are formed by the urn-shaped leaves topped by a lid, which attract insects with their nectar. They slip into the bottom of the pitchers, where bacteria and enzymes digest them.
The prey are especially ants, but also Diptera, Coleoptera ...
The white flowers are hanged by a scape tall enough(over 50 cm) and are without petals. Their size is small: 0.5 cm in diameter.