Some variety, natural and horticultural hybrids and cultivars.
Trumpet plant, Pitcher-plant or Trumpet-leaf.
If the genus was officillaly discovered near the year 1500, iIt seems that native american knew and used these trumpet plants. The first illustration was done by M. de Lobel in 1576 in Nova Stirpium Adversiaria. After several naming, the plant was named by J. P. de Tournefort « Sarracena » after Dr. M.S. Sarrazin, who sent him the plant in order to study them.
Sarracenia grow in North America. Their distribution ranges from Great Slave lake in Canada to Boston, on a width of about 500 km don each sides of this axis. They also grow on a 500 km-wide strip that runs from Washington to the north of Houston, Texas.
Sarracenia occurs on bogs, marshes, grasslands, wetlands, floating rafts of Sphagnum. The wethers are very varied due to the large plant repartition, from cold to subtropical regions. The soil are mainly acid (rarely alkaline) and low in nitrate and phosphate concentration. These plants do not tolerate competition from other species, but can occur with carnivores genera such as Drosera, Pinguicula, Utricularia.
Perennial herbaceous terrstrial plants, 10 cm to 1 m tall. The cones-shaped leaf are erected or prostrated on the ground and displays very different color, they are united in a rosette. Some species emit winter flat sheets and strips called phyllodes. Traps are formed by leaves or boxes in which fall insects, attracted by the colors and the nectar that pearl at the lid. Prey also absorb a narcotic: coniine. Digestion is performed by bacteria and enzymes. The prey are varied: Diptera, Hymenoptera, small crustaceans ... The spring flowers (3-8 cm in diameter) have an original architecture and a wide range of colors (yellow, pink, red, orange, brown ...)
Exceptional white flower of